Intoxicants are substances that cause an altered state of consciousness and are able to make people into a frenzy. They cause a change in the activity of the nerve cells in certain brain regions, it comes to a changed perception of the self and the environment.
The active ingredient of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol; he is won from Indian hemp. Marijuana and hashish belong to this group. Its effect begins within a few minutes and can take several hours.
Cannabis consumption leads to:
- memory problems
- acoustic and optical (pseudo) hallucinations
- Time lattice defects
- Signs of schizophrenia-like psychosis
- Memory disorders
- Changes in the time and space experience
- abnormal thinking
Physical symptoms are:
- fine bondage
- psychomotor restlessness
- forced laughter
- increased appetite
- dry mouth
Chronic consumption ends in:
Complications can be:
- bad trip
- chronic psychosis
Cannabis is often used as a starter drug, followed by more, harder ones.
The most well-known hallucinogens include:
- Angel dust
The ego experience is changed, alienation experiences are frequent. The mood ranges from euphoric to dysphoric to the horror trip. Hallucinogens create a change in the soul.
The intoxication takes place in 4 phases:
- Inner peace
- Change of orientation and perception
- Anxiety and depression
- bad trip
As a complication, a flash back can occur. Hallucinogens cause hallucinations that can even lead to death. Since they are often mixed, so they are not clean, it can already come with the intake of only one tablet to permanent damage.
Opioids have tremendous mental and physical addiction potential. The opiates include:
They are injected, smoked, snorted or taken orally.
It comes to this:
- strong euphoria, then sedation
- Increase of ego-feeling, but also dysphoria
- Slowing down of motor skills and cognitions
In case of overdose:
- pulmonary edema
- Circulatory collapse
- Respiratory depression and unconsciousness
- severe intoxication (can be fatal)
Chronic effects are:
- performance degradation
- emotional flattening
- Suicidal thoughts and suicide
- loss of libido
- Weight loss to cachexia
- Hair loss and blemishes
Heroin works like a psychic orgasm the first time. This condition will never be reached again. It’s all about alleviating the withdrawal pain.
The bad thing about heroin is:
- Women and men often prostitute themselves
- Children are neglected – often until their death
- People rob and murder to raise money
- Dependents rob and deceive their family members
- Over 80% of addicts relapse after withdrawal
Cocaine makes you very mentally dependent. It is injected, smoked or snorted. Cocaine is used to crack. After taking it comes for a few minutes to a rush with:
- high spirits
- increased libido
- inhibiting degradation
- performance increase
- Reduction of hunger, thirst and need for sleep
Later it turns into:
- suicidal thoughts
- Delusion and haptic hallucinations
Physical characteristics are:
- Blood pressure increase or decrease
- Weight loss, severe emaciation
- Headache and nausea
- Sweating or shivering
- affect lability
- social disintegration to depravation
- physical and emotional misery
Cocaine can cause impotence in men, lead to miscarriage and stillbirth in women, or to typical withdrawal symptoms of babies:
- short stature
- no weight gain
They create a psychological dependence and act like cocaine.
They are taken
- to increase performance
- to reduce fatigue
- as an appetite suppressant
- as doping in athletes
- for self-treatment in depression
Drug-related illnesses are very often comorbid with other mental disorders.
The therapy drug addict can be divided into:
- Contact and mitigation
- physical detoxification and motivation
- withdrawal treatment
- substitution treatment
Social workers deliberately approach drug addicts, make the first contact, point to sheltered spaces (showers, emergency shelters, medical help) and strive to get the drug addict to undergo therapy and a reboot.
The addict is extensively informed about his addiction, the effects and effects of his drug (s). If he chooses to be deprived, the detoxification and weaning treatment will be carried out in-patient.
With cold withdrawal, the drug is discontinued and the detoxification is not supported by medication. During warm withdrawal drug-based detoxification takes place. Furthermore, a drug-based detoxification and the forced withdrawal (turbo withdrawal) are available.