Hypnosis is a highly effective and effective tool in therapy and counseling, which naturopaths and psychotherapists can use with great success for the benefit of their clients and patients, because under hypnosis in the best sense holistic-depth-psychological and / or physiological processes and relationships can be influenced.
Cuneiform documents prove that the Sumerians already knew and used hypnosis in the 4th millennium BC. Hermes Trismegistos (about 3000 BC), later the Egyptians, the Greeks and of course Paracelsus (1493-1541) worked very successfully with hypnosis. Sigmund Freud (1856-1936) also learned and treated with hypnosis before developing his “psychoanalysis”.
Above all, the American psychologist Milton Erickson (1901-1980) discovered the hypnosis for use in psychotherapy and coined it further. He emphasizes the individuality of the individual patient / client and the need to find the optimal individual access for each individual. Unlike Freud, whose psychoanalysis subconsciously sought hidden evils, for Erickson the unconscious is an inexhaustible source of creative self-healing, the preserve of untapped experiences.
Erickson seeks to break rigid patterns, negative thought patterns and the limitations of consciousness, and the unconscious should take the lead in hypnosis through special verbal and non-verbal techniques. Thus, the consciousness can finally accept, integrate and implement the unconscious self-healing powers and creative resources.
Hypnosis (Greek: hypnos = sleep) is a trance-like, deeply relaxed waking state. The hypnotized probationer can – decoupled from distracting environmental perceptions and thoughts – specifically focus on desired ideas, feelings, (phantasy) images, sensory perceptions, etc. Thus, the path to the subconscious is accessible for anamnesis and diagnosis, and leading therapist’s instructions can be used to control therapeutic processes, to “program” new patterns of behavior, feelings and thinking, to re-structure, revaluate and change the contents of the subconscious mind.
The hypnotized person sits or lies with his eyes closed, hears, understands, reacts and communicates very intensively with the therapist. Achieving the hypnotic trance is relatively easy to learn, apart from about 5% of hypnosis inaccessible people.
There are direct (authoritarian) and indirect (permissive) trance introductory methods. The direct variant works with command-like suggestions, the indirect ones with allowing, granting formulations. Both methods use the focus of attention on one thing, possibly involving all senses. During eye fixation, the hypnotisand gazes at a very closely approached object (eg pendulum, pencil tip, fingers), the inward rotation of the eyes leads quickly into a hypnotic trance via a strong sense of fatigue. Cards with complementary colors can enhance initiation. Also possible are purely linguistic forms (instructions) and acoustic elements (uniform, soothing sounds or pieces of music).
General hypnotic phenomena include:
Relaxation: Through muscular relaxation, the patient feels comfortable and relaxed.
Levitation: The patient retains any position of the arm or leg in a trance.
Catalepsy: Suggestion of stiffness makes muscles hard and stiff.
Amnesia (total or partial): The test person can remember the hypnosis no more or only fragmentary.
Analgesia: In deep trance pain sensations can be influenced, so that pain relief or freedom from pain can be achieved!
The dissolution of hypnosis is faster than the introduction, must not be rushed or even forgotten. If the organism is not given enough time for the change, it can lead to headache, dizziness or dizziness. Once the trance has not been properly resolved, it can be briefly initiated again and then completely dissolved.
Important indications for the use of hypnosis in consultation and / or therapy are
Mental disorders: fears, phobias, depression, sleep disorders
Psychosomatic diseases: bronchial asthma, hypertension, stomach ailments, abdominal discomfort of unclear origin, back problems, disc damage
Metabolic and skin diseases: rheumatism, gout, arthrosis, neurodermatitis, allergies, psoriasis, acne
Chronic pain: cefalgia, migraine, neuralgia, pain during surgery and dental treatment
Hypnosis also has sensational success in addiction therapy, smoking cessation, obesity, eating disorders and stress reduction.
For the physiology of hypnosis, there are a number of scientific findings: In the hypnosis state, the neuro-vegetative nervous system switches from sympathetic to parasympathetic. It comes to vasodilation (vasodilation), better blood circulation to the organs and muscular relaxation. Heart rate and blood pressure normalize, eye and venous pressure decrease, an improvement of the immune system occurs. Pain perception and perception is the responsibility of the precingual cortex, a region of the brain in the frontal lobe. Anxiety-inducing, negative suggestions and perceptions increase the activity in this area, so pain is then perceived stronger and more intense. In contrast, positive thoughts, suggestions, and images reduce activity in the same area, so pain is barely or not at all felt.
Side effects does not have hypnosis with correct and conscientious use. Otherwise headaches, sleep disorders, acne, personality cleavage or even schizophrenia can occur. Therefore, a good, sound education is a prerequisite for successful hypnosis therapies.