Every person has a natural need for employment – whether it is professional or family tasks, their own hobbies, sports or the cultivation of their social contacts. This need for employment persists even in old age and even in dementia. Therefore, the activation and employment of people with this disease so important and is not only at the top of the agenda at many nursing homes, but also at the home care of caregivers. True to the motto: “If you do not employ people with dementia, they will deal with you”. pflege.de presents different employment opportunities for dementia patients and gives tips for games and exercises.
Employment for dementia patients
People with dementia have problems coping with their usual everyday tasks. They make “mistakes” because they can not know things or perform actions anymore. But sometimes they do not dare to do anything and retire. Every good care and support therefore knows how important employment is for dementia patients.
Employment of dementia patients has many advantages:
- It protects against loneliness.
- It reactivates familiar actions (eg singing or baking).
- She still trains existing skills.
- It gives structure in everyday life.
- It provides good mood, variety and vitality.
- It strengthens the self-confidence of the person concerned. He feels that he has something to value, something to value.
Employment in dementia: Beware of excessive demands
If you, as a caregiver, ask yourself how you can specifically employ your family member who is suffering from dementia, you must proceed carefully and individually. Not all occupations are equally well suited for every person affected and every stage of dementia. The more advanced the dementia, the more sensitive you must be to the limitations. While in a mild dementia memory games make sense and are still fun, they can lead to considerable uncertainty in a moderately severe dementia. Since then the simplest sayings are no longer remembered, the failure leads to diseased to great disappointment, often to shame and withdrawal. That’s exactly what you have to avoid.
5 rules for employment in dementia
- Note the stage of dementia : how far has dementia progressed? What else can the person affected do, what more?
- Consider personal likes and dislikes , because employment should be fun. Not every person likes to make things and not every older woman wants to do housework.
- Respect the decision of the dementia patient . Admit it, if the patient does not want to get busy, but maybe just watch you do something or read something to him.
- Accept it if the sick person refuses employment that he used to enjoy doing. Maybe it’s time for something new.
- Tolerate “mistakes”. Do not grumble if something does not work out and do not push for repetition or achievement of goals.
Employment in dementia: many opportunities for common moments in everyday life
If you are considering what employment might be appropriate for your dementia sufferer, then there is a source of inspiration. You can certainly do these points :
- Painting and crafts, manual work and light gardening
- Cook and bake
- Create souvenir albums (so-called “remembrance care”)
- Walks and excursions
- Reading and reading aloud
- Listening to music, making music, singing
- Movement and dancing
Hobby and household
Hobbies like crafting or gardening can easily be done if your loved one liked it or always wanted to, but never found the time. Household activities are also no problem, since the person concerned lives in a household so that you can hand over individual tasks to him. However, you must make sure that the dementia patient is not injured, such as sharp scissors or knives. And of course, employment should not overwhelm him, which can happen quickly, especially in gardening.
Therefore, take the time to know that you would like to help a person with dementia and accept his declining abilities. Do not set a concrete goal for yourself or yourself. Turn employment into a shared time – without any pressure to perform and concrete results.
Examples of creative and domestic activities:
- Working with wool or fabric
- Sort buttons
- Merge laundry (“sock memory”)
- Make seasonal window decoration
- Working with wood, using tools
- Sort “paperwork” like paper, punch colorful paper
Reading and reading aloud
Especially as dementia progresses, many people find it difficult to read for themselves. So much the more do they like it when read to them.
You as a caregiver can read either from special books or simply from the daily newspaper or from magazines that the dementia patient used to like to read. Please note the following conditions when reading aloud:
- Keep it quiet (no radio, no TV in the background).
- Speak slowly, clearly and loud enough.
- Take short texts or just chapters so your listener can follow you.
- When selecting text, make sure you do not touch heavy topics . Therefore, z. As war memories, dramatic or frightening fantasy thriller be taboo, because that can awaken war traumas again or foment fears.
- Choose more cheerful stories that may fit your child’s childhood or youth.
- Talk about what you’ve heard, ask questions